Proxmox server

How to install proxmox on a single server with 2 disks (SSD and hard disk). This was for Proxmox Virtual Environment 7.1-7.

Installing Proxmox

  1. install proxmox to the SSD with gateway 192.168.0.1 and DNS 192.168.0.1.
  2. Log in and apt install net-tools.
root@herring:~# ifconfig
enp0s31f6: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        ether 48:4d:7e:dd:d2:dc  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 813001  bytes 1231793461 (1.1 GiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 272623  bytes 21005681 (20.0 MiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0
        device interrupt 19  memory 0xf7000000-f7020000  

lo: flags=73<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING>  mtu 65536
        inet 127.0.0.1  netmask 255.0.0.0
        inet6 ::1  prefixlen 128  scopeid 0x10<host>
        loop  txqueuelen 1000  (Local Loopback)
        RX packets 108  bytes 24649 (24.0 KiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 108  bytes 24649 (24.0 KiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

vmbr0: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.0.21  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 0.0.0.0
        inet6 fe80::4a4d:7eff:fedd:d2dc  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 48:4d:7e:dd:d2:dc  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 354563  bytes 1193302999 (1.1 GiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 61  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 271784  bytes 19859101 (18.9 MiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

Creating ZFS Storage

Here is the proxmox link https://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/ZFS_on_Linux.

First I had to remove an old ZFS image.

root@herring:~# vgremove pve-OLD-93BEA5C7
Do you really want to remove volume group "pve-OLD-93BEA5C7" containing 4 logical volumes? [y/n]: y
Do you really want to remove active logical volume pve-OLD-93BEA5C7/swap? [y/n]: y
  Logical volume "swap" successfully removed
Do you really want to remove active logical volume pve-OLD-93BEA5C7/root? [y/n]: y
  Logical volume "root" successfully removed
Do you really want to remove active logical volume pve-OLD-93BEA5C7/data? [y/n]: y
  Logical volume "data" successfully removed
Do you really want to remove active logical volume pve-OLD-93BEA5C7/lvol0? [y/n]: y
  Logical volume "lvol0" successfully removed
  Volume group "pve-OLD-93BEA5C7" successfully removed
  root@herring:~# pvdisplay
  --- Physical volume ---
  PV Name               /dev/sdb3
  VG Name               pve
  PV Size               334.85 GiB / not usable 2.69 MiB
  Allocatable           yes 
  PE Size               4.00 MiB
  Total PE              85721
  Free PE               4094
  Allocated PE          81627
  PV UUID               1VvXph-hxZl-B4Oh-LiOe-TsFa-dJyW-cHDabE
   
  "/dev/sda3" is a new physical volume of "<9.10 TiB"
  --- NEW Physical volume ---
  PV Name               /dev/sda3
  VG Name               
  PV Size               <9.10 TiB
  Allocatable           NO
  PE Size               0   
  Total PE              0
  Free PE               0
  Allocated PE          0
  PV UUID               eJCBlf-Iw7L-t5qM-QHqb-WtlD-P2xq-3Y7HeP
   
root@herring:~# pvremove /dev/sda3
  Labels on physical volume "/dev/sda3" successfully wiped.
root@herring:~# wipefs -a /dev/sda
/dev/sda: 8 bytes were erased at offset 0x00000200 (gpt): 45 46 49 20 50 41 52 54
/dev/sda: 8 bytes were erased at offset 0x9187ffffe00 (gpt): 45 46 49 20 50 41 52 54
/dev/sda: 2 bytes were erased at offset 0x000001fe (PMBR): 55 aa
/dev/sda: calling ioctl to re-read partition table: Success

Now install ZFS on the same disk.

root@herring:~# lsblk
NAME               MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda                  8:0    0   9.1T  0 disk 
sdb                  8:16   0 335.4G  0 disk 
├─sdb1               8:17   0  1007K  0 part 
├─sdb2               8:18   0   512M  0 part /boot/efi
└─sdb3               8:19   0 334.9G  0 part 
  ├─pve-swap       253:0    0     8G  0 lvm  [SWAP]
  ├─pve-root       253:1    0  83.5G  0 lvm  /
  ├─pve-data_tmeta 253:2    0   2.3G  0 lvm  
  │ └─pve-data     253:4    0 222.8G  0 lvm  
  └─pve-data_tdata 253:3    0 222.8G  0 lvm  
    └─pve-data     253:4    0 222.8G  0 lvm  
sr0                 11:0    1  1024M  0 rom  
root@herring:~# zpool create herringpool /dev/sda
root@herring:~# zpool export herringpool
root@herring:~# zpool import -d /dev/disk/by-id/ata-WDC_WD100EFAX-68LHPN0_2YK9EU9D-part1 herringpool

# (If no encyrption)
Then in Datacenter->Storage, add ZFS herringpool

# add encryption
root@herring:~# zpool get feature@encryption herringpool
NAME         PROPERTY            VALUE               SOURCE
herringpool  feature@encryption  active              local
root@herring:~# zfs create -o encryption=on -o keyformat=passphrase herringpool/encrypted
Enter new passphrase:
Re-enter new passphrase:
root@herring:~# pvesm add zfspool encrypted_zfs -pool herringpool/encrypted
root@herring:~# zfs list
NAME                    USED  AVAIL     REFER  MOUNTPOINT
herringpool             888K  8.97T       96K  /herringpool
herringpool/encrypted   192K  8.97T      192K  /herringpool/encrypted

Following these commands, “encrypted_zfs” should appear under “herring” in the web interface.

To mount the zfs (which you need to do after reboot):

zfs mount -l -a

Create a user

root@herring:~# useradd phwl
root@herring:~# passwd phwl
New password: 
Retype new password: 
passwd: password updated successfully

Then add the user in the web browser.

Create a Container

  1. From the web server, select “Datacenter -> Herring -> local (herring) -> CT Templates -> Templates” and upload ubuntu-20004-standard.
  2. In “Datacenter -> herring -> herringzfs (herring)” select “Create CT”. I created “carp” and asked it to use DNS.
  3. Select “carp” under herring and in Permissions, add the “phwl” user.

Install ssh

# apt install samba openssh-server

Install samba

Add the following to /etc/samba/smb.conf:

[carp-share]
    comment = Samba on carp
    path = /srv
    read-only = no
    browsable = yes
    writeable = yes
# smbpasswd -a phwl
# systemctl restart smbd.service

Digression: LUKS on macos under Virtualbox

By the way, the trick on MacOS to mount a LUKS drive is to create a vdmk (see https://www.virtualbox.org/manual/ch09.html#rawdisk).

$ sudo VBoxManage internalcommands createrawvmdk -filename "disk2.vmdk" -rawdisk /dev/disk2
$ sudo chmod 666 /dev/disk2
$ sudo chmod 666 disk2.vmdk

Then you can go to “Storage -> Add New Storage Attachment” and select the vmdk file.

Disk Passthrough

# apt install lshw
# mkdir /mnt/backdrive
# mount /dev/disk/by-id/usb-Seagate_Expansion_NAAR7X06-0:0-part1 /mnt/backdrive

Then “Datacenter -> Storage -> SATA -> Add hard disk” and add disk2.vmdk.